Species Common ancestor Cousin relationship to present-day humans
Human 0 years ago very close cousins
Neanderthal 600 thousand years ago 24 thousandth cousin, 1.5 thousand times removed
Common chimpanzee 6.5 million years ago 284 thousandth cousin, 12 thousand times removed
Mountain gorilla 8 million years ago 359 thousandth cousin, 41 thousand times removed
Bornean orangutan 15 million years ago 709 thousandth cousin, 12 thousand times removed
White-handed gibbon 19 million years ago 1 millionth cousin, 422 thousand times removed
De Brazza's monkey 27 million years ago 1.7 millionth cousin, 541 thousand times removed
Squirrel monkey 42 million years ago 3.2 millionth cousin, 991 thousand times removed
Philippine tarsier 68 million years ago 6.7 millionth cousin, 16 million times removed
Ring-tailed lemur 75 million years ago 9 millionth cousin, 10 million times removed
Common treeshrew 85 million years ago 12 millionth cousin, 69 million times removed
Desert cottontail 90 million years ago 16 millionth cousin, 46 million times removed
House mouse 90 million years ago 16 millionth cousin, 103 million times removed
Humpback whale 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 26 million times removed
Common bottlenose dolphin 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 27 million times removed
Large flying fox 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 34 million times removed
Harbor seal 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 37 million times removed
Brown bear 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 37 million times removed
Dromedary 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 38 million times removed
Domestic cat 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 39 million times removed
Domestic dog 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 41 million times removed
White rhinoceros 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 45 million times removed
Przewalski's horse 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 47 million times removed
Wild boar 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 48 million times removed
Domestic goat 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 51 million times removed
White-tailed deer 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 51 million times removed
Bighorn sheep 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 51 million times removed
Cattle 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 51 million times removed
Long-tailed shrew 95 million years ago 21 millionth cousin, 114 million times removed
African bush elephant 105 million years ago 31 millionth cousin, 12 million times removed
Aardvark 105 million years ago 31 millionth cousin, 30 million times removed
Giant anteater 105 million years ago 31 millionth cousin, 34 million times removed
Three-toed sloth 105 million years ago 31 millionth cousin, 34 million times removed
Nine-banded armadillo 105 million years ago 31 millionth cousin, 38 million times removed
Red-necked wallaby 160 million years ago 86 millionth cousin, 18 million times removed
Sunnyodon 170 million years ago 75 millionth cousin, 21 million times removed
Platypus 175 million years ago 101 millionth cousin, 6.8 million times removed
Long-beaked echidna 175 million years ago 101 millionth cousin, 6.8 million times removed
Anteosaurus 240 million years ago 27 millionth cousin, 96 million times removed
Ichthyosaur 325 million years ago 50 millionth cousin, 100 million times removed
Diplodocus 325 million years ago 53 millionth cousin, 97 million times removed
Triceratops 325 million years ago 64 millionth cousin, 87 million times removed
Tyrannosaurus rex 325 million years ago 68 millionth cousin, 83 million times removed
Pterosaur 325 million years ago 74 millionth cousin, 76 million times removed
Saltwater crocodile 325 million years ago 75 millionth cousin, 76 million times removed
Eastern box turtle 325 million years ago 85 millionth cousin, 66 million times removed
Common ostrich 325 million years ago 122 millionth cousin, 28 million times removed
Canada goose 325 million years ago 124 millionth cousin, 27 million times removed
American robin 325 million years ago 139 millionth cousin, 12 million times removed
Indian cobra 325 million years ago 146 millionth cousin, 4.8 million times removed
Western skink 325 million years ago 151 millionth cousin, 12 million times removed
Northern two-lined salamander 355 million years ago 82 millionth cousin, 74 million times removed
Mexican burrowing caecilian 355 million years ago 97 millionth cousin, 58 million times removed
Strawberry poison-dart frog 355 million years ago 98 millionth cousin, 57 million times removed
Australian lungfish 415 million years ago 72 millionth cousin, 104 million times removed
West Indian Ocean coelacanth 420 million years ago 65 millionth cousin, 112 million times removed
Atlantic sturgeon 430 million years ago 80 millionth cousin, 101 million times removed
Indian pike conger 430 million years ago 86 millionth cousin, 95 million times removed
Shortnose gar 430 million years ago 103 millionth cousin, 77 million times removed
Sockeye salmon 430 million years ago 117 millionth cousin, 64 million times removed
Atlantic cod 430 million years ago 120 millionth cousin, 61 million times removed
Labrador herring 430 million years ago 120 millionth cousin, 61 million times removed
Yellow perch 430 million years ago 120 millionth cousin, 61 million times removed
Atlantic blacktip shark 470 million years ago 82 millionth cousin, 112 million times removed
Armored fish 550 million years ago 113 millionth cousin, 133 million times removed
Sea lamprey 550 million years ago 223 millionth cousin, 24 million times removed
Pacific hagfish 550 million years ago 247 millionth cousin, 68 million times removed
Lancelet 560 million years ago 257 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Sea squirt 580 million years ago 277 millionth cousin, 68 million times removed
Cookie dough sea cucumber 600 million years ago 273 millionth cousin, 24 million times removed
Red-stalked sea lily 600 million years ago 297 millionth cousin, 68 million times removed
Spiny brittle star 600 million years ago 297 millionth cousin, 68 million times removed
Common starfish 600 million years ago 297 millionth cousin, 68 million times removed
Purple sea urchin 600 million years ago 297 millionth cousin, 68 million times removed
Ammonite 630 million years ago 197 millionth cousin, 130 million times removed
Sea scorpion 630 million years ago 234 millionth cousin, 92 million times removed
Mangrove horseshoe crab 630 million years ago 247 millionth cousin, 79 million times removed
Trilobite 630 million years ago 255 millionth cousin, 72 million times removed
European lobster 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 9.5 million times removed
Lamp shell 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 53 million times removed
Burgundy snail 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 53 million times removed
Chinese red-headed centipede 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 82 million times removed
Common cockle 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 128 million times removed
White-spotted octopus 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 128 million times removed
American giant millipede 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 133 million times removed
Jumping spider 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 137 million times removed
Common redbolt 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 138 million times removed
Giant tiger prawn 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 163 million times removed
Blue crab 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 163 million times removed
Signal crayfish 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 163 million times removed
Stag beetle 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 203 million times removed
Termite 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 247 million times removed
Eastern black carpenter ant 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 250 million times removed
Ostracod 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Moss animal 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Nematode 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Flatworm 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Red wiggler worm 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Oriental rat flea 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Rotifer 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Western honey bee 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Ulysses swallowtail butterfly 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Lubber grasshopper 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Gooseneck barnacle 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Turquoise shield bug 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Madagascar hissing cockroach 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
European hornet 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Flower fly 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 1.3 billion times removed
Body louse 630 million years ago 327 millionth cousin, 2.1 billion times removed
Mint-sauce worm 640 million years ago 337 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Pillar coral 650 million years ago 347 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Trichoplax 725 million years ago 422 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Comb jelly 750 million years ago 447 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Glass sponge 800 million years ago 497 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Choanoflagellate 900 million years ago 597 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
King bolete mushroom 1 billion years ago 697 millionth cousin, 303 million times removed
Amoeba 1.2 billion years ago 897 millionth cousin, 11 billion times removed
Maidenhair tree 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.7 billion times removed
Coulter pine 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.7 billion times removed
Sago palm cycad 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.7 billion times removed
French rose 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.8 billion times removed
Northern giant horsetail 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.8 billion times removed
Crown fern 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.8 billion times removed
Club moss 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 1.9 billion times removed
Irish moss 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 2 billion times removed
Green algae 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 2 billion times removed
Pincushion moss 1.6 billion years ago 2.9 billionth cousin, 2 billion times removed
Diatom 2 billion years ago 6.9 billionth cousin, 13 billion times removed
Sulfolobus (Archaea) 2.5 billion years ago 357 billionth cousin, 1.4 trillion times removed
E. coli (Bacteria) 3 billion years ago 706 billionth cousin, 1.4 trillion times removed